The agreement was agreed upon and signed after the 1971 Indo-Pak War, after which East Pakistan was liberated, leading to the formation of Bangladesh. This agreement is ratified by both countries in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures and enters into force from the date of exchange of ratification instruments.  This agreement, commonly known as the Simla Pact, was born in 1971 from the war between the two countries over developments in the eastern wing of Pakistan. The aim of the agreement was to define the principles that should govern their future relations. It also provided for measures to be taken to further normalize bilateral relations. Most importantly, it forced the two countries to “resolve their differences through bilateral negotiations by peaceful means.” The agreement is the result of the two countries` determination to “end the conflict and confrontation that have so far weighed on their relations.” He designed the steps to be taken to further normalize mutual relations and also defined the principles that should govern their future relations.    The agreement emphasizes respect for the sovereignty, territorial integrity, political independence and unity of the other. It also mentions non-interference in the internal affairs of the other and hostile propaganda. As part of the agreement, the two nations, India and Pakistan, had agreed to refrain from threats and violence in violation of the line of control in Jammu and Kashmir. Kashmir is still the subject of a long-standing dispute between Pakistan and India, whose roots can be attributed to their common colonial past. Pakistan wants a solution and wants world powers to play a role in resolving the Kashmir issue.
While India has long criticized any proposal for third-party participation in Kashmir, it insists it is an “integral part” of the country. Where India finds it difficult to escape The Kashmir reference by simply calling it an “integral part,” it takes a different approach by calling it a “bilateral issue” between Pakistan and India, as envisaged in the 1972 Simla Agreement. Given that India has repeatedly stressed the importance of the Simla Agreement in the settlement of its affairs with Pakistan, it is essential to consider the conditions set out in this agreement. Agreements must be concluded by these parties and international law has clearly defined the rules and procedures governing the application of treaties. However, a breach of contract by either party may allow others to terminate it, bringing both parties, as far as possible, back to the position they were in before a contract was entered into, which would result in a return to the status quo ante (the previous situation). India has repeatedly stressed in this part of the agreement, which requires bilateral discussions, but has disgraced another part of the agreement, which prevents both sides from unilaterally changing any situation with regard to the problems between them.